Laws

Rockford Penal Code:

Section 1: Terminology

Unless otherwise stated, all articles in this Penal Code are criminal offences that render a person liable for legal action such as fines, arrest or detention.

Whilst reading the Paralake Penal Code certain words, phrases and concepts are used in order to be broadly applicable to a range of laws. This section shall detail such words, phrases and concepts and will define each term within the context of the Penal Code.

All of the following definitions are strictly meant to only be understood as definitions only within the context of this Penal Code.

Public is the populous of Paralake City

Property is the area in or around the building itself as defined by the deed held by the banks of Paralake City

Possession is a person’s belongings or an object owned by a person or entity such as the Government of Paralake City.

Emergency Services refers to the Paralake Police Department, Paralake Emergency Medical Service and the Paralake Fire Department collectively and the individuals that make up these services.

Law enforcement officer is any sworn member of the Paralake Police Department.

Dishonesty is acting in a deceitful manner such as lack of integrity or strongly held moral principles contrary to good faith.

A Vehicle is any object that enables mobility other than by movement on foot.

A Public Area is an area in which any member of the public can gain access without restriction

A Public Setting is any location that can be seen unobstructed from a public area such as inside rooms with windows facing a public area.

Public Property  is any property under the ownership of Paralake City or other governmental agencies.

Private Property  is any property under the ownership of a private individual purchased from one of the banks of Paralake City.

Publicly Restricted Area  is any area of a property which is not intended to be accessible by the public.

The term or is taken logically to mean at least one option of all options stated.

Capacity is a person’s ability to understand the situation they are in and any consequences for their actions. A person is unable give consent if they lack capacity.

Consent is express permission from another person to carry out an action.

Restricted Substances refer to any raw substance or derivative such as seeds, food products or aerosol sprays that contain an active substance that causes a strong physiological change in the body with the exception of products that may be purchased over the counter or prescribed for medical purposes. This term excludes alcohol, tobacco (nicotine) and caffeine. Common examples include cannabis, cocaine, methamphetamines, LSD, and heroin.

Asset Forfeiture refers to where LEOs have the power to seize items that are related to a criminal offence.

Police Supervisor an officer ranked Sergeant or above.

Parking Road Markings Two white lines in parallel with a reasonable amount of space between them to allow successful entry with of a vehicle. Vehicles parking here must be parallel to the road markings defined.

Arrest   Process of taking custody of an individual who is involved, or suspected of being involved in a criminal offence so more information can be gathered by an investigation.

Charge Declaring someone guilty of an offence(s) which has been proven without reasonable doubt and solid evidence

Probable Cause To have knowledge with facts that it is more likely than not that a criminal offence has been committed and that, if presented with the same facts, a reasonable person would draw a similar conclusion.

Section 2: Right to Self Defence and Necessity

Any action performed under this section that is contrary to the law that results or is likely to result in death or  injury of a person, or damage to property or possessions must be reported to emergency services as soon as it is practicable to do so.

2.1 Self Defence and the Defence of Others

Any person may use a justifiable amount of force proportionate to a threat if they reasonably believe that such force would prevent injury, death or the loss of property or possessions.

2.2 Necessity

If a person reasonably believes that acting in a way contrary to any law is necessary to prevent injury, death or the loss of property they do not act unlawfully given that their actions are justifiable and proportionate.

Section 3: Powers of LEOs, Security Services and Elected Officials

3.1 Right to Arrest

Law enforcement officers may arrest any person who has committed or by probable cause has been suspected of committing a crime. This allows for information to be gathered by an investigation. If enough evidence has not been provided to charge the individual; the individual must be de-arrested and released as soon as it is practical to do so.        

3.2 Right to Charge

Law enforcement officers may declare someone guilty of an offence(s) by charging them with a crime which has been proven beyond reasonable doubt and through solid evidence (i.e. DNA proof, government witnesses, admissions of guilt. Civilian witness statements alone do not amount to solid evidence). There is no requirement that a charged person has to be imprisoned. When charging someone, the suspect can request a Supervisor (if available) to have their input on the matter.         

3.3 Use of Force

Law enforcement officers may use any amount of force in the execution of their duties provided that it is reasonable and justifiable.

3.4 Issuing of Arrest Warrants

The Paralake Police Department may issue a warrant for a person’s arrest, if the officer requesting the warrant holds reasonable belief that the individual named in the warrant has committed a criminal offence.

3.5 Issuing of Search Warrants

Search Warrants are only required for properties which are inhabited by private individuals. A search warrant may only be issued for a property when the issuing Law enforcement officer reasonably believes that a crime has been committed and or is currently in the process of being committed on the property.

3.6 Right to Stop and Detain

A Law enforcement officer has the power to stop any vehicle that has been used in and or is carrying or being driven by a person who is believed to have committed a crime and or is believed to be in the process of committing a crime. A Law Enforcement Officer may also stop any person who is believed to have committed a criminal offence or is in the process of committing a criminal offence. During this time the officer may detain the person(s) involved until the conclusion of the investigation into the offence in question.

3.7 Right to Search

Law enforcement officers may search a vehicle belonging to a detained person if it is believed that the vehicle contains evidence which is believed to be related to a crime that the Law enforcement officer has reasonable belief has been committed inside the vehicle and or a crime in which the vehicle has been used, a Law enforcement officer may also search any person who is detained for anything that the detained person is believed to be in possession of relating to the investigation for which they are detained, Law enforcement officers may also search any arrested person in their custody for any evidence of a criminal offence.

3.8 Right to Enter Private Property

Law enforcement officers may enter any private property if it is necessary for the execution of their duties, Law enforcement officers may not remain on a Private Property if asked to leave by the property owner unless this would obstruct an investigation into a criminal offence, any Law enforcement officer who fails to do so commits the offence of trespassing.

3.9 Right to Restrict Entry to Public Places and Private Property

Law enforcement officers may restrict access to any place whether public or private if this would aid the Paralake Police Department in the execution of their duties. If an access to an area larger than one residential property is to be restricted for longer than 10 minutes authorisation from the most senior Law enforcement officer on duty must be sought. Any person who fails to comply with an order from a Law enforcement officer to leave an area commits the offence of failing to comply with a direction to leave notice.

3.10 Punishments

Law enforcement officers have the power to punish government employees and members of the public, however they must follow the provided punishment below each law, punishments listed are maximum penalties. Permission must be gained by a Lieutenant or higher if an LEO wants to go above the provided maximum punishment. The use of Capital Punishment is not permitted

3.11 Cooperation with other agencies

The emergency services of Paralake are obliged to cooperate and work jointly. No other organisation or person shall be permitted by any government agency to take an active role in an incident if this would endanger their safety.

3.12 Secret Service Powers

Secret Service agents employed by the government to protect the mayor hold the powers of an LEO when the safety of the mayor is in direct and imminent danger. Secret Service agents must inform the police if they use any of these powers at the earliest possible opportunity.

Section 4: Emergency Services or Elected Officials Conduct

4.1 Law-Enforcement Officer’s Discretion

Law enforcement officers hold a certain power of discretion over any issue however this may be overruled by a higher ranking officer. Any officer of any rank who misuses their power of discretion without holding the best interests of the City into account commits an offence under article 4.4.

 

4.2 Duties of a Law enforcement officer

Any Law enforcement officer who fails to carry out any of their duties to the best of their ability commits the offence of failing to carry out duties and is liable for punishment. Duties of a Law enforcement officer include but are not limited to acting in the best interests of the city, acting in accordance with the Paralake Police Department Code of Ethics, acting in accordance with any orders given to them by a Law enforcement officer who is senior in rank and acting in the safest way possible.

4.3 Exemption from Law

A government emergency service worker does not act unlawfully if their actions are contrary to any law and their actions are reasonable, justifiable and proportionate and are necessary for the effective execution of their duties.

4.4 General Misconduct in a Public Office

Any elected official or member of the emergency services who acts dishonestly and or not in accordance with the best interests of the city commits the offence of misconduct in a public office.

4.5 Ransom Payments

No ransom shall be paid by the Paralake Police Department unless authorised by the highest ranking officer on duty and it shall not exceed the amount of $5000.

4.6 Confiscation

No weapons or evidence shall be confiscated by Law Enforcement when immediate harm is at risk, such as under gun fire or assailants nearby. Evidence is permitted to be confiscated if the officer is unable to watch over the evidence and leaving it where it is would risk it being tampered with by a member of the public.

Section 5: Financial and Identity Crime

5.1 Tax Evasion

Any person who actively evades and or assists in the evasion of any government tax where it would otherwise be paid acts unlawfully.

Felony – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $3,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

5.2 Bribery

No person shall attempt to offer personal payment in any form to any member of the emergency services or an elected official in order to receive immunity, preferential treatment or other such dishonest benefits.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

5.3 Identity Theft

It is an offence to impersonate another person through any means with the intent of committing or concealing a criminal offence or in order damage their reputation.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

5.4 Fraud

No person shall deliberately deceive another person with the intention of unlawfully depriving them of money, possessions or property.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment, $4,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

5.5 Blackmail

Any person who uses information as a form of leverage in order to threaten a person legally, financially, or otherwise, in return for their respective cooperation with any form of demand commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment, $4,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

5.6 Impersonating Emergency Services or Government Official Personnel

No person should impersonate Emergency Services or Government Official personnel unless they hold a position in either institution.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

Section 6: Cooperation with Emergency Services

6.1 Provision of False Information

Any person who when asked for information or when offering information to emergency services presents information which is not truthful and complete commits an offence

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $2,000 maximum fine.

 

6.2 Destruction of Evidence

No person shall tamper with, destroy or hide evidence relating to a criminal offence.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment, $3,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

 

6.3 Aiding & Abetting

Any person who knowingly provides assistance to a person under detainment, arrest or warrant for arrest other than providing medical assistance or formal legal consul acts unlawfully. Assistance may be, but is not necessarily limited to advice, action and financial support.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $5,000 maximum fine.

 

6.4 Failure to Comply with a Warrant

No person shall fail to comply with the orders detailed within a warrant or obstruct the execution of a warrant.

Misdemeanor – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

 

6.5 Cooperation with the Orders of Law Enforcement Personnel

Any person who fails to comply with the legal orders of a Law enforcement officer such as refusing to provide ID when detained or obstructs a Law enforcement officer executing their duties commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $5,000 maximum fine.

6.6 Persons in Need

It is an offence for a person to fail to contact the emergency services when a person is in need of emergency medical care.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

6.7 Attempting or Planning a Crime

No person shall attempt or plan to commit a crime. A person who does so shall be liable for punishment as if they had committed the offence.

Liable to half of what offence was if committed.

6.8 Failure to identify to a Law Enforcement Officer

Any person who refuses to give information or withholds information regarding identification of themselves whilst under detainment by an LEO commits an offence.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment and $3,000 maximum fine.

6.9 Failure to stop for a Law Enforcement Officer

Fleeing or attempting to elude a pursuing LEO commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

6.10  Obstruction of Emergency Services

Any person who obstructs a member of the emergency services in their duties commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

Section 7: Offensive Weapons

7.1 Fireworks

It is an offence for a person to light a firework within the business, city or suburban areas of Paralake City.

Infraction – liable to $1,500 and asset forfeiture.

7.2 Explosives and Incendiaries

It is illegal for a person to manufacture, possess, sell, or transport an explosive/incendiary device or to use or detonate an explosive or incendiary device.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment, $3,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

7.3 Possession of Offensive Weapons

Any person who is in possession of any offensive weapon in a public area without a reasonable excuse commits an offence. Offensive weapons include, but are not necessarily limited to the following, firearms, baseball bats, knives, machetes, or improvised/adapted items with the intent to harm or cause damage.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $2,500 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

7.4 Storage of Offensive Weapons

It is an offence to store an offensive weapon in an insecure place such as a public area or an area easily accessible by the public.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $2,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture

7.5 Displayal of Offensive Weapons

Any person who display an offensive weapon in a public setting commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $4,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

7.6 Transport of Offensive Weapons

A person does not act unlawfully under articles 7.3, 7.4 or 7.5 if they are transporting an offensive weapon in a way that is direct and immediate between places of secure storage. Offensive weapons must be stored in a sealed container during transport.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $3,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

7.7 Sale of Offensive Weapons

A person does not commit an offence under articles 7.4 or 7.5 if the offensive weapon in question is stored or displayed within a property defined by the banks of Paralake City as being a Shop. In addition to this, the offensive weapon in question must be intended for sale to the general public, it must not be being held by any person and must not intended to assist in the committing of any criminal offence.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine.

Section 8: Restricted Substances

8.1 Possession of Restricted Substances with Intent to Use

Any restricted substance shall be illegal to possess with the intent to use.

Infraction – liable to $1,500 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

 

8.2 Possession of Restricted Substances with Intent to Supply

Any restricted substance shall be illegal to possess with the intent to supply others.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment, $4,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

                                 

8.3 Possession of Restricted Substances with Intent to Produce

Any restricted substance shall be illegal to possess with the intent to produce further narcotics.

Misdemeanor – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment, $4,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

8.4 Possession of Restricted Substances with Intent to Transport

Any restricted substance shall be illegal to possess with the intent to transport.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment, $2,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

Section 9: Violent Crime

9.1 Physical Assault

Any person who applies or causes reckless injury to another person commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $5,000 maximum fine.

9.2 Physical Assault with a Deadly Weapon

Any person who applies or causes reckless injury to another person with any type of deadly weapon such as a firearm, bladed article or by means of force that is likely to cause great bodily injury.

Felony – liable to 8 years maximum imprisonment and $7,000 maximum fine.

9.3 Threat of Physical Harm

Any person who causes another person to be in fear of physical assault as defined under article 9.1 by verbal, physical, emotional or other forms of intimidation acts unlawfully.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $2,500 maximum fine.

9.4 Unlawful Detainment

The detainment of a person against their will unless the person has committed a criminal offence or their detainment is in order to facilitate their apprehension by law enforcement officers.

Felony – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment and $3,000 maximum fine.

9.5 Murder

No person shall take the life of another person with the intent of causing death or severe injury.

Felony – liable to 10 years maximum imprisonment and $10,000 maximum fine.

9.6 Manslaughter

No person shall take the life of another person through negligence.

Felony – liable to 7 years maximum imprisonment and $7,000 maximum fine.

9.7 Sexual Offences

Any person who coerces another person through force, threats or abuse of authority forces another person into performing a sexual act commits an offence.

Felony – liable to 5 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

Section 10: Non-Violent Conduct

10.1 Causing Harrassment, Alarm or Distress

It is an offence for a person to display behaviour that is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress. This includes but is not limited to visual representations such as signs and newspaper adverts.

Misdemeanor – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment and $3,000 maximum fine.

10.2 Failing to report a crime

It is illegal for a person who witnesses or has knowledge of the committing of a criminal offence to fail to contact the police as soon as is practicable following the offence.

Felony – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $3,500 maximum fine.

10.3 Inappropriate use of Emergency Services

Any person who misuses the emergency services such as by hoax calling the 911 service commits an offence.

Infraction – liable to $5,000 maximum fine.

Section 11: Property and Possession Crime

11.1 Obstruction of Property Access

It is illegal to use objects, your person or threatening behaviour to prevent access to either a public area or private property, to a person authorised to enter the area in question.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $1,500 maximum fine.

11.2 Vandalism

Any person who damages, defaces or alters a property or possession without the permission of the owner.

Misdemeanor – liable to 2 years maximum imprisonment and $2,000 maximum fine.

11.3 Buildings of Residence

Any person who takes or offers residence in a property not intended or adapted for such a purpose commits an offence.

11.4 Trespassing

Any person who enters private property without permission of the owner or publicly restricted area without the use of force or causing damage to possessions or the property.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $3,000 maximum fine.

 

11.5 Breaking and Entering

Any person entering private property without permission of the owner or publicly restricted area by means of force or by causing damages to possessions or the property.

Felony – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment and $4,000 maximum fine.

11.6 Theft

Any person who dishonestly appropriates any possession belonging to another person commits a criminal offence.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $3,000 maximum fine.

 11.7 Arson

Any person who willfully and maliciously or recklessly sets fire to a property commits a criminal offence.

Felony – liable to 6 years maximum imprisonment and $5,000 maximum fine.

 11.8 Loitering

Any person who remains in a public area for a prolonged period of time without any apparent lawful purpose commits a criminal offence.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine.                

 11.9 Discharging a Firearm

Any person who discharges their firearm in a public or private property, unless for  Self Defence and the Defence of Others (see law 2.1) commits an offence.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine.

Section 12: Road Offences

12.1 Jaywalking

It is an offence to cross or enter a public road on foot via any crossing point other than those designated by road markings or signage.

Infraction – liable to $750 maximum fine.

12.2 Speeding

Vehicles may not exceed the posted speed limit on a public road as designated by road signs.

Infraction – liable to $1,500 maximum fine.

12.3 Traffic lights

Drivers of vehicles must come to a complete stop at a red traffic light. When meeting an amber traffic light, drivers must come to a complete stop if it is safe and possible to do so.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine.

12.4 Parking

Vehicles may not be parked on public roads, sidewalks, pathways or any other public area not intended for parking unless designated by the parking road markings.

Infraction – liable to $1,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture. 

12.5 Road Markings and Signage

Drivers of vehicles must drive in accordance with road markings and signage.

Infraction – liable to $1,000 maximum fine.

12.6 Vehicle Maintenance

It is the responsibility of the driver to ensure that the vehicle is free of faults or defects. Any person who drives a vehicle in an unroadworthy condition acts unlawfully.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

12.7 Emergency Vehicles

Upon the approach of an emergency vehicle with its lights or sirens activated drivers must pull to the rightmost side of the road to allow the vehicle to pass.If the vehicle remains behind them they must come to a stop at the nearest safe location.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine. 

12.8 Collisions

Drivers involved in a collision with any person or object must stop at the scene of the incident and inform the police of the incident.

Infraction – liable to $2,000 maximum fine.

12.9 Headlights

Headlights must be used in situations where there is reduced visibility such as night time or in foggy conditions.

Infraction – liable to $1,000 maximum fine.

12.10 Indicators and Hazard Lights

Drivers must activate the appropriate indicator prior to crossing a lane or joining a new road. Drivers must also activate their hazard lights if their vehicle presents an unavoidable hazard to other road users.

Infraction – liable to $1,000 maximum fine.

12.11 Driving Without Due Care and Attention

Drivers must exercise complete care and attention when operating a vehicle.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $2,000 maximum fine.

12.12 Reckless Driving

Any person who drives any vehicle with disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of this offence.

Misdemeanor – liable to 4 years maximum imprisonment, $3,500 maximum fine and asset forfeiture.

12.13 Driving under the influence

Drivers must not operate a vehicle when they are impaired by alcohol or any restricted drug.

Misdemeanor – liable to 3 years maximum imprisonment and $2,000 maximum fine.

12.14 Description of Road Signs

Drivers approaching a stop sign must slow down and come to a complete stop at the solid white line or before a crosswalk on the road before checking the road is clear and continuing if it is safe to do so.

337903311a.png

Drivers passing a speed limit sign must not exceed the limit stated on the sign. For example, the sign above indicates that the limit for this stretch of road is 50 miles per hour.

def03f41aa.png

Similar to a speed limit sign, this sign defines the speed limit to be followed on the ramp leaving or entering the highway.

210b961d0c.png

This road sign serves a dual purpose; it indicates that there is a bend to the right in the road ahead and no vehicle can exceed 55 miles per hour on the bend.

9cdc85b381.png

Only vehicles operated by LEOs, EMS staff or the Fire Department may park in the space adjacent to this sign.

8b593ebf64.png


This sign indicates that no vehicle may perform a ‘U’ Turn on this stretch of road.

f890a96681.png

This sign indicates that drivers must yield to traffic on the road that they wish to join.